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Electrified Transportation Systems Research Theme:

In recent years, the electrification of transport has emerged as a trend to support energy efficiency and CO2 emissions reduction targets. Relative to their internal combustion vehicle (ICV) counterparts, electric vehicles (EVs) be they trains or cars, have a greater "well-to-wheel" energy efficiency. They also have the added benefit of not emitting any carbon dioxide in operation and rather shift their emissions to existing local fleet of power generation technology.
The true success of electric vehicles depends on their successful integration with the infrastructure systems that support them. From a transportation perspective, electric cars may have only a short range but require many hours to charge. From an electricity perspective, the charging loads can draw excessive power demands which may exceed transformer ratings, cause undesirable line congestion or voltage deviations. These loads may be further exacerbated temporally by similar charging patters driven by similar work and travel lifestyles or geographically by the relative sparsity of charging infrastructure in high demand areas. In effect, the electric vehicles and their supporting charging infrastructure couple the transportation and electrical systems into a nexus.

To address these needs, the LIINES Electrified Transportation Systems Research Theme has made contributions in three areas:
Photo Credit (on right): Photo Credit: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Electric Vehicle Pilot at Masdar City. 2013.

Key Achievements in the Dynamic Modeling of the Transportation Electricity Nexus:


As we continue to develop electrified transportation technologies (e.g. EVs, smart chargers), it’s important to keep an eye on the holistic behavior of the transportation electricity nexus as a combined infrastructure. The
LIINES has been fortunate to advance the first such models:
  • A Hybrid Dynamic System Model for Multi-Modal Transportation Electrification (2016): Leveraging our expertise in hetero-functional graph theory, this work presents the first model to integrate transportation system dynamics, charging limitations, and the electric power grid.
  • Symmetrica: Test Case for Transportation Electrification Research (2015): One challenge in simulating a transportation electricity nexus is the choice of dataset — particularly when for many cities these infrastructures have not yet been coupled! The Symmetrica Test Case provides an excellent first place to start testing you new simulation platforms.

Key Achievements in Techno-Economic Electric Vehicle Integration Studies:
  • Electrified Transportation System Performance: Conventional vs. Online Electric Vehicles (2016): Building upon our newly developed transportation electricity nexus simulator, this work presents a rigorous techno-economic comparison of the the performance of online and plugin electric vehicles. The studies specifically weighs the investment and operating cost trade-offs.
  • Abu Dhabi Electric Vehicle Integration Study (2016): In the first full scale study of its kind, the LIINES has studied the technical feasibility of electric vehicles into the city of Abu Dhabi with respect to three infrastructure systems: the road transportation system, the electrical grid, and the Abu Dhabi Department of Transportation's Intelligent Transportation System.

Additionally, we have written several blog posts specifically on the topic of the
Electrification Transportation Systems @ the LIINES.

LIINES Energy-Transportation Nexus Research Theme Publications :
UIDReferencePubLinkPreprintTypeResearch ThemeYear
[TES-J27]Farid, Amro M. "A Hybrid Dynamic System Model for Multi-Modal Transportation Electrification". IEEE Transactions on Control System Technology (in press). :(1) pp. 1--12. 2016. PubLink PrePrint Journal PaperTransportation-Electrification Systems2016
[TES-C24]{Al Junaibi}, Reem and Farid, Amro M "A Method for the Technical Feasibility Assessment of Electrical Vehicle Penetration". in 7th Annual IEEE Systems Conference. Orlando, FL, United states. 2013. pp.1--6. PubLink PrePrint Conference PaperTransportation-Electrification Systems2013
[TES-C29]{Al Junaibi}, Reem and Viswanath, Asha and Farid, Amro M. "Technical Feasibility Assessment of Electric Vehicles : An Abu Dhabi Example". in 2nd IEEE International Conference on Connected Vehicles and Expo. Las Vegas, NV, USA. 2013. pp.410 - 417. PubLink PrePrint Conference PaperTransportation-Electrification Systems2013
[TES-C49]Allan, Deema Fathi and Farid, Amro M. "A Benchmark Analysis of Open Source Transportation-Electrification Simulation Tools". in 2015 IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems. Las Palmas de Gran Canaria Canary Islands, Spain. 2015. pp.1--7. PubLink PrePrint Conference PaperTransportation-Electrification Systems2015
[TES-C11]Baca, Edgar Eugenio Samano and Farid, Amro M "An Axiomatic Design Approach to Reconfigurable Transportation Systems Planning and Operations (invited paper)". in DCEE 2013: 2nd International Workshop on Design in Civil \& Environmental Engineering. Worcester, MA, USA. 2013. pp.22--29. PubLink PrePrint Conference PaperTransportation-Electrification Systems2013
[TES-C23]Baca, Edgar Eugenio Samano and Farid, Amro M. and Tsai, I-Tsung and Viswanath, Asha "An Axiomatic Design Approach to Passenger Itinerary Enumeration in Reconfigurable Transportation Systems". in Proceedings of ICAD2013 The Seventh International Conference on Axiomatic Design. Worcester, MA, USA. 2013. pp.1--10. PubLink PrePrint Conference PaperTransportation-Electrification Systems2013
[TES-W04]Farid, Amro M "Intelligent Transportation System Literature: LIINES White Paper [ETN-W01]". Laboratory for Intelligent Integrated Networks of Engineering Systems Abu Dhabi, UAE. pp.1--6. PubLink PrePrint Technical ReportTransportation-Electrification Systems2012
[TES-E04]Farid, Amro M "Key Technical Challenges to Electric Vehicle Adoption in the UAE". in UAE State of Energy Report. Dubai, UAE. 2014. pp.1--2. PubLink PrePrint Op-EdTransportation-Electrification Systems2014
[TES-E05]Farid, Amro M "Energizing the Adoption of Electrified Transportation in the Dubai Smart City". in Dubai State of Green Economy Report. Dubai, UAE. 2014. pp.1--2. PubLink PrePrint Op-EdTransportation-Electrification Systems2014
[TES-BC05]Farid, Amro M. "Electrified Transportation System Performance: Conventional vs. Online Electric Vehicles". Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 2016. pp.1-25 PubLink PrePrint BookTransportation-Electrification Systems2016
[TES-J25]Farid, Amro M. "Symmetrica: Test Case for Transportation Electrification Research". Infrastructure Complexity. :(9) pp. 1--10. 2015. PubLink PrePrint Journal PaperTransportation-Electrification Systems2015
[TES-W00]Farid, Amro M. "LIINES Transportation Electrification System Dataset Repository". Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth Hanover, NH, USA. pp.1. PubLink PrePrint Technical ReportTransportation-Electrification Systems2015
[TES-W05]Hadhrami, Mohamed Al and Viswanath, Asha and {Al Junaibi}, Reem and Farid, Amro M. and Sgouridis, Sgouris "Evaluation of Electric Vehicle Adoption Potential in Abu Dhabi [ETN-W02]". Masdar Institute of Science and Technology Abu Dhabi, UAE. pp.1--217. PubLink PrePrint Technical ReportTransportation-Electrification Systems2013
[TES-J08]Viswanath, Asha and Baca, Edgar Eugenio Samano and Farid, Amro M "An Axiomatic Design Approach to Passenger Itinerary Enumeration in Reconfigurable Transportation Systems". IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems. :(3) pp. 915 - 924. 2014. PubLink PrePrint Journal PaperTransportation-Electrification Systems2014
[TES-C33]Viswanath, Asha and Farid, Amro M. "A Hybrid Dynamic System Model for the Assessment of Transportation Electrification". in American Control Conference 2014. Portland, Oregon. 2014. pp.1--7. PubLink PrePrint Conference PaperTransportation-Electrification Systems2014
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