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Smart Power Grids Theme:

Traditional power systems have often been built on the basis of an electrical energy value chain which consists of a relatively few centralized and actively control thermal power generation facilities serving a relatively large number of distributed passive electrical loads. However, the IEEE Control Systems Society outlines five trends which are set to dramatically challenge the basic assumptions upon which the electric power grid was built. These are:

  1. Decarbonization of electric power generation
  2. Continued yearly growth of electricity demand especially in developing economies
  3. Electrification of the transportation sector
  4. Trends towards electric power deregulation
  5. Trends towards empowered consumers responsive to the grid's physical and economic conditions.
Taken together, these drivers virtually require a steadily increasing penetration of variable energy resources (VERs) into the power grid. As a result, the overall dispatchability of the generation fleet is set to decrease while the overall dispatchability of demand is set to increase. Naturally, power system assessment techniques should correspondingly evolve to accommodate that the control as well as the disturbance may originate from either generation or demand.

To address these needs, the LIINES Smart Power Grid Research Theme has made contributions in three areas:

Key Achievements in Smart Grid Thought Leadership:

The
LIINES has been fortunate to be a part of several smart grid thought leadership activities:
  • The Need for Holistic Enterprise Control Assessment Methods for the Future Electricity Grid (2016): In this comprehensive literature-based study, the LIINES presents a logical case for integrating power grid assessment methods into holistic enterprise control frameworks. To support the argument, the LIINES has conducted the most comprehensive review of renewable energy integration studies conducted to date.
  • World Wind Energy Association Integration Report (2015): This WWEA report is a futuristic assessment of the role of wind power in the power grid in the year 2050. In this work, Prof. Farid highlights smart grid enterprise control as a systematic approach to the holistic assessment of the power grid with large scale penetration of wind power.
  • IEEE Vision for Smart Grid Controls: 2030 and Beyond (2013): The IEEE Control Systems Society Technical Committee on Smart Grids developed this study to highlight the essential role of control theory, technology and systems in the much needed transformation of today’s electric power grid. Prof. Farid contributed significantly to the study’s treatment of renewable energy integration and demand response.
  • MIT Future of the Electric Grid Study (2011): Dr. Farid contributed significantly to this study. The MIT Energy Initiative has produced the “Future of..” studies as a series of multidisciplinary reports that examines the role of various energy systems could play in future energy scenarios under carbon dioxide emissions constraints. Prof. Farid contributed significantly to the study’s treatment of renewable energy integration, demand response, and electrified transportation.
Key Achievements in Smart Grid Enterprise Control:

The
LIINES has also proposed Smart Grid Enterprise Control as a simulation approach that integrates a power grid’s multiple layers of operation and control so as to conduct holistic techno-economic assessments in the presence of large scale renewable energy, energy storage, & demand-side energy resources. This has lead to:
Key Achievements in Smart Grid Control Systems:

The LIINES has made several contributions to smart grid operation & control systems which individually may be implemented within the enterprise control approach. These include:
  • Small Signal & Transient Stability of the Physical Power Grid (2012 & 2013): Hussein Abdel-Halim investigated new approaches to tuning turbine governors in the presence of wind generation as well as new approaches to the placement of wind generators. Fang-Yu Liu is extending this work to include demand-side resources in the micro-grid domain.

Additionally, we have written several blog posts specifically on the topic of
Smart Power Grids @ the LIINES.

LIINES Smart Power Grid Research Theme Publications :
UIDReferencePubLinkPreprintTypeResearch ThemeYear
[SPG-B02]Annaswamy, Anuradha M. and Amin, Massoud and Demarco, Christopher L. and Samad, Tariq and Aho, Jacob and Arnold, George and Buckspan, Andrew and Cadena, Angela and Callaway, Duncan and Camacho, Eduardo and Caramanis, Michael and Chakrabortty, Aranya and Chakraborty, Amit and Chow, Joe and Dahleh, Munther and Dominguez-Garcia, Alejandro D. and Dotta, Daniel and Farid, Amro M. and Flikkema, Paul and Gayme, Dennice and Genc, Sahika and Fisa, Merce Griera i and Hiskens, Ian and Houpt, Paul and Hug, Gabriela and Khargonekar, Pramod and Khurana, Himanshu and Kiani, Arman and Low, Steven and McDonald, John and Mojica-Nava, Eduardo and Motto, Alexis Legbedji and Pao, Lucy and Parisio, Alessandra and Pinder, Adrian and Polis, Michael and Roozbehani, Mardavij and Qu, Zhihua and Quijano, Nicanor and Stoustrup, Jakob "IEEE Vision for Smart Grid Controls: 2030 and Beyond". New York NY: IEEE Standards Association. 2013. pp.1--168 PubLink PrePrint BookSmart Power Grids2013
[SPG-BC03]Farid, Amro M. "Evolution of Electricity Grid". Bonn, Germany: World Wind Energy Association. 2015. pp.45-48 PubLink PrePrint BookSmart Power Grids2015
[SPG-J28]Muzhikyan, Aramazd and Farid, Amro M and Kamal Youcef-Toumi "An A Priori Analytical Method for Determination of Operating Reserves Requirements". International Journal of Energy and Power Systems. :(1) pp. 1--11. 2016. PubLink PrePrint Journal PaperSmart Power Grids2016
[SPG-C27]Abdelhalim, Hussein M and Farid, Amro M and Adegbege, Ambrose A and Youcef-Toumi, Kamal "Transient Stability of Power Systems with Different Configurations for Wind Power Integration". in IEEE Power and Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference. Washington, D.C., USA. 2013. pp.1--6. PubLink PrePrint Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2013
[SPG-C28]Abdelhalim, Hussein M and Farid, Amro M and Adegbege, Ambrose A and Rouco, Luis and Youcef-Toumi, Kamal "Small-Signal Stability Effects of Turbine Governors on Power Systems with High Penetrations of Integrated Wind Power". in IEEE Power and Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference. Washington, D.C., United states. 2013. pp.1--6. PubLink PrePrint Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2013
[SPG-B03]Farid, Amro M. and Suh, Nam P "Axiomatic Design in Large Systems: Complex Products, Buildings and Manufacturing Systems". Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 2016. pp.1-340 PubLink PrePrint BookSmart Power Grids2016
[SPG-C13]Farid, Amro M. and Muzhikyan, Aramazd "The Need for Holistic Assessment Methods for the Future Electricity Grid (Best Applied Research Paper Award)". in GCC CIGRE Power 2013. Abu Dhabi, UAE. 2013. pp.1--12. PubLink PrePrint Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2013
[SPG-E02]Farid, Amro M. "Holistic Assessment for Enterprise Control of the Future Electricity Grid". in IEEE Smart Grid Newsletter. Piscataway, New Jersey. 2013. pp.1--3. PubLink PrePrint Op-EdSmart Power Grids2013
[SPG-C42]Farid, Amro M. "Multi-Agent System Design Principles for Resilient Operation of Future Power Systems". in IEEE International Workshop on Intelligent Energy Systems. San Diego, CA. 2014. pp.1--7. PubLink PrePrint Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2014
[SPG-E03]Farid, Amro M. "The Stabilizing Role of the Energy--Water Nexus in the Future of the Smart Grid". in IEEE Smart Grid Newsletter. Piscataway, New Jersey. 2014. pp.3. PubLink PrePrint Op-EdSmart Power Grids2014
[SPG-J26]Farid, Amro M and Jiang, Bo and Muzhikyan, Aramazd and Youcef-Toumi, Kamal "The Need for Holistic Enterprise Control Assessment Methods for the Future Electricity Grid". Renewable \& Sustainable Energy Reviews. :(1) pp. 669--685. 2015. PubLink PrePrint Journal PaperSmart Power Grids2015
[SPG-BC04]Farid, Amro M. "Evolution of the Physical Power Grid". Bonn, Germany: World Wind Energy Association. 2015. pp.49-56 PubLink PrePrint BookSmart Power Grids2015
[SPG-J17]Farid, Amro M "Multi-Agent System Design Principles for Resilient Coordination and Control of Future Power Systems". Intelligent Industrial Systems. :(3) pp. 255-269. 2015. PubLink PrePrint Journal PaperSmart Power Grids2015
[SPG-C08]Francy, Reshma Carmel and Farid, Amro M and Adegbege, Ambrose and Youcef-Toumi, Kamal "Event-Triggered State Estimation for Variable Energy Resources Management". in The 9th IET International Conference on Advances in Power System Control, Operation and Management. Hong Kong, China. 2012. pp.1--6. PubLink PrePrint Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2012
[SPG-C25]Francy, Reshma Carmel and Farid, Amro M and Youcef-Toumi, Kamal "An Event Triggered Tracking State Estimator for Power Systems with Integrated Wind Generation". in 2013 IEEE Power and Energy Society Powertech Grenoble. Grenoble, France. 2013. pp.1--6. PubLink PrePrint Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2013
[SPG-C14]Francy, Reshma Carmel and Farid, Amro M. and Youcef-Toumi, Kamal "A Weather Aided State Estimator for Power Systems with Integrated Variable Energy Resources". in IEEE ISGT Europe 2013: 4th European Innovative Smart Grid Technologies. Copenhagen, Denmark. 2013. pp.1--5. PubLink PrePrint Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2013
[SPG-J14]Francy, Reshma Carmel and Farid, Amro M. and Youcef-Toumi, Kamal "Event Triggered State Estimation Techniques for Power Systems with Integrated Variable Energy Resources". ISA Transactions. :(1) pp. 1--10. 2014. PubLink PrePrint Journal PaperSmart Power Grids2014
[SPG-C44]Jiang, Bo and Farid, Amro M. and Youcef-Toumi, Kamal "A Comparison of Day-Ahead Wholesale Market: Social Welfare vs Industrial Demand Side Management". in IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology. Sevilla, Spain. 2015. pp.1--7. PubLink PrePrint Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2015
[SPG-C45]Jiang, Bo and Farid, Amro M. and Youcef-Toumi, Kamal "Impacts of Industrial Baseline Errors on Demand Side Management in Day-Ahead Wholesale Markets". in Proceedings of the ASME Power \& Energy 2015: Energy Solutions for Sustainable Future. San Diego, CA. 2015. pp.1--7. PubLink PrePrint Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2015
[SPG-C51]Jiang, Bo and Muzhikyan, Aramazd and Farid, Amro M. and Kamal Youcef-Toumi "Impacts of Industrial Baseline Errors in Demand Side Management Enabled Enterprise Control". in IECON 2015 -- 41st Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society. Yokohama, Japan. 2015. pp.1-6. PubLink PrePrint Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2015
[SPG-J21]Jiang, Bo and Farid, Amro M. and Youcef-Toumi, Kamal "Demand Side Management in A Day-Ahead Wholesale Market: A Comparison of Industrial and Social Welfare Approaches". Applied Energy. :(1) pp. 642-654. 2015. PubLink PrePrint Journal PaperSmart Power Grids2015
[SPG-B01]Kassakian, John G and Schmalensee, Richard and Desgroseilliers, Gary and Heidel, Timothy D and Afridi, Khurram and Farid, Amro M and Grochow, Jerrold M and Hogan, William W and Jacoby, Henry D and Kirtley, James L and Michaels, Harvey G and Perez-Arriaga, Ignacio and Perreault, David J and Rose, Nancy L and Wilson, Gerald L and Abudaldah, Nabi and Chen, Minjie and Donohoo, Pearl E and Gunter, Samantha J and Kwok, P Jordan and Sakhrani, Vivek A and Wang, Jiankang and Whitaker, Andrew and Yap, Xiang Ling and Zhang, Richard Y and of Technology, Massachusetts Institute "The Future of the Electric Grid: An Interdisciplinary MIT Study". Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 2011. pp.1--280 PubLink PrePrint BookSmart Power Grids2011
[SPG-C17]Muzhikyan, Aramazd and Farid, Amro M. and Youcef-Toumi, Kamal "Variable Energy Resource Induced Power System Imbalances: A Generalized Assessment Approach". in IEEE Conference on Technologies for Sustainability. Portland, Oregon. 2013. pp.1--8. PubLink PrePrint Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2013
[SPG-C18]Muzhikyan, Aramazd and Farid, Amro M. and Youcef-Toumi, Kamal "Variable Energy Resource Induced Power System Imbalances: Mitigation by Increased System Flexibility, Spinning Reserves and Regulation". in IEEE Conference on Technologies for Sustainability. Portland, Oregon. 2013. pp.1--7. PubLink PrePrint Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2013
[SPG-C32]Muzhikyan, Aramazd and Farid, Amro M and Youcef-Toumi, Kamal "An Enhanced Method for the Determination of Load Following Reserves". in American Control Conference, 2014. Portland, Oregon. 2014. pp.1--8. PubLink PrePrint Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2014
[SPG-C43]Muzhikyan, Aramazd and Farid, Amro M and Youcef-Toumi, Kamal "A Power Grid Enterprise Control Method for Energy Storage System Integration". in IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe. Istanbul, Turkey. 2014. pp.1--6. PubLink PrePrint Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2014
[SPG-C46]Muzhikyan, Aramazd and Farid, Amro M and Youcef-Toumi, Kamal "An Enhanced Method for Determination of the Ramping Reserves". in IEEE American Control Conference. Los Angeles, CA, USA. 2015. pp.1--8. PubLink PrePrint Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2015
[SPG-C47]Muzhikyan, Aramazd and Farid, Amro M and Youcef-Toumi, Kamal "An Enhanced Method for Determination of the Regulation Reserves". in IEEE American Control Conference. Los Angeles, CA, USA. 2015. pp.1--8. PubLink PrePrint Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2015
[SPG-J15]Muzhikyan, Aramazd and Farid, Amro M and Youcef-Toumi, Kamal "An Enterprise Control Assessment Method for Variable Energy Resource Induced Power System Imbalances Part 1: Methodology". IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics. :(4) pp. 2448-2458. 2015. PubLink PrePrint Journal PaperSmart Power Grids2015
[SPG-J16]Muzhikyan, Aramazd and Farid, Amro M and Youcef-Toumi, Kamal "An Enterprise Control Assessment Method for Variable Energy Resource Induced Power System Imbalances Part 2: Results". IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics. :(4) pp. 2459 - 2467. 2015. PubLink PrePrint Journal PaperSmart Power Grids2015
[SPG-J22]Muzhikyan, Aramazd and Farid, Amro M. and Youcef-Toumi, Kamal "Relative Merits of Load Following Reserves and Energy Storage Market Integration Towards Power System Imbalances". International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems. :(1) pp. 222-229. 2016. PubLink PrePrint Journal PaperSmart Power Grids2016
[SPG-J18]Ozdaglar, Asu and Amin, Massoud and Stoustrup, Jakob and Farid, Amro M. and Moura, Scott and Mohammadpour, Javad and Quijano, Nicanor and Bushnell, Linda "Report to the {IEEE} Control Systems Society Technical Activities Board [Technical Activities]". Control Systems, IEEE. :(2) pp. 30--32. 2015. PubLink PrePrint Journal PaperSmart Power Grids2015
[SPG-C10]Rivera, Sergio and Farid, Amro M. and Youcef-Toumi, Kamal "Coordination and Control of Multiple Microgrids Using Multi-Agent Systems". in Energypath 2013: Our Global Sustainable Energy Future. Philadelphia, PA, USA. 2013. pp.1--5. PubLink PrePrint Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2013
[SPG-BC01]Rivera, Sergio and Farid, Amro M. and Youcef-Toumi, Kamal "Chapter 15 - A Multi-Agent System Coordination Approach for Resilient Self-Healing Operations in Multiple Microgrids". Boston: Morgan Kaufmann. 2015. pp.269 - 285 PubLink PrePrint BookSmart Power Grids2015
[SPG-C31]Rivera, Sergio and Farid, Amro M. and Youcef-Toumi, Kamal "A Multi-Agent System Transient Stability Platform for Resilient Self-Healing Operation of Multiple Microgrids". in 5th IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference. Washington D.C.. 2014. pp.1--5. PubLink PrePrint Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2014
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