The LIINES Research Program is currently concerned with four classes of cyber-physical engineering systems. The cross-pollination of these activities provides insights into the sustainability & resilience of intelligent energy systems in general.

Research Motivation: As engineering systems continue to grow, they impact our daily lives in often complex and far reaching ways. Furthermore, the nature of these impacts is very temporal at times fleeting and at times prolonged leading us to question how we interact with the large complex technical systems that we have built. Indeed, never before has there been such a need for complex, timely, and effective decisions that sustainably manage the how, where, and when of these engineering systems. At the heart of these systems is the flow of energy and information. And therefore intelligent energy management decisions are needed to enable sustainability resilience.


Traditionally, managers have implemented such complex decisions in manual plan-do-check-act-loops. However, as the need for timely, interconnected, and coordinated decisions arises, these methods must leverage three intelligent system technologies: hetero-functional networks, enterprise control, & the Internet of Things.

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Enterprise Control

To make timely techno-economic decisions, many successful enterprises use enterprise control to automate a hierarchical structure of control, automation, and IT at multiple time scales.

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Heterofunctional Networks

To make interconnected decisions across multiple engineering systems, it is important to not just distinguish network structures but their hetero-functionality as well.

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Internet of Things

To make coordinated distributed decisions, many enterprises are moving to produce, connect, and control internet-enabled “things” across all engineering systems.

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