Smart Power Grids Theme:

Traditional power systems have often been built on the basis of an electrical energy value chain which consists of a relatively few centralized and actively control thermal power generation facilities serving a relatively large number of distributed passive electrical loads. However, the IEEE Control Systems Society outlines five trends which are set to dramatically challenge the basic assumptions upon which the electric power grid was built. These are:
  1. Decarbonization of electric power generation
  2. Continued yearly growth of electricity demand especially in developing economies
  3. Electrification of the transportation sector
  4. Trends towards electric power deregulation
  5. Trends towards empowered consumers responsive to the grid's physical and economic conditions.
Taken together, these drivers virtually require a steadily increasing penetration of the grid by variable energy resources (VERs). As a result, the overall dispatchability of the generation fleet is set to decrease while the overall dispatchability of demand is set to increase. Naturally, power system assessment techniques should correspondingly evolve to accommodate that the control as well as the disturbance may originate from either generation or demand.

The LIINES Smart Power Grid Research Theme therefore has proposed the concept of Power Grid Enterprise Control as an approach to holistically enable the power grid's dynamic properties. These include:
  • Dispatchability
  • Flexibility
  • Forecastability
  • Voltage Stability
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Lead by our M.Sc. students, the LIINES Smart Power Grid Research Theme began its efforts in holistic Power Grid Enterprise Control by developing innovative solutions at a modular level. These include:
  • Small Signal & Transient Stability of the Physical Power Grid: Hussein Abdel-Halim investigated new approaches to tuning turbine governors in the presence of wind generation as well as new approaches to the placement of wind generators. Fang-Yu Liu is extending this work to the micro-grid domain.
  • Novel State Estimation Techniques: Reshma Francy investigated state estimation technique that incorporate triggering, state tracking and weather information to give operators greater situational awareness of the power system's evolution.
  • Novel Approaches to Power Grid Market Dispatch: In concert with the LIINES Energy-Water Nexus Research Theme, Apoorva Santhosh has developed market dispatch techniques that account for the dual products of power and water given the coupling role of co-production facilities such as MSF desalination.

More recently, the LIINES Smart Power Grid Research Theme has begun to produce work on the holistic Power Grid Enterprise Control. These are lead by:
  • Holistic Assessment of Power System Imbalances: Dr. Aramazd Muzhikyan has developed work to holistically assess the evolution of power system imbalances using a multi-layered model.
  • Holistic Assessment of Energy Storage on Power System Imbalances: Dr. Orkun Karabasoglu has built upon these models to investigate the impact of various types of energy storage solutions.
  • Micro-Grid Coordination & Control: Dr. Sergio Rivera Rodriguez is investigating the role of distributed decision-making on the enterprise control holistic dynamic performance.

LIINES Smart Power Grid Research Theme Publications :
UIDReferenceTypeApplication DomainYear
[SPG-C05]A. Muzhikyan, A. M. Y. Farid, and K. Toumi "Variable Energy Resource Induced Power System Imbalances: A Generalized Assessment Approach". in IEEE Conference on Technologies for Sustainability. Portland Oregon. 2013. pp. 1--8.Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2013
[SPG-C02]H. Abdelhalim, A. M. Farid, A. A. Adegbege, L. Y. Rouco, and K. Toumi "Small-Signal Stability Effects of Turbine Governors on Power Systems with High Penetrations of Integrated Wind Power". in IEEE Power and Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference. Washington D.C. United states. 2013. pp. 1--6.Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2013
[SPG-C06]A. Muzhikyan, A. M. Y. Farid, and K. Toumi "Variable Energy Resource Induced Power System Imbalances: Mitigation by Increased System Flexibility Spinning Reserves and Regulation". in IEEE Conference on Technologies for Sustainability. Portland Oregon. 2013. pp. 1--7.Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2013
[SPG-C08]A. M. Farid, and A. Muzhikyan "The Need for Holistic Assessment Methods for the Future Electricity Grid (Best Applied Research Paper Award)". in GCC CIGRE Power 2013. Abu Dhabi UAE. 2013. pp. 1--12.Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2013
[SPG-C09]A. Muzhikyan, A. M. Y. Farid, and K. Toumi "An Enhanced Method for the Determination of Load Following Reserves". in American Control Conference 2014. Portland Oregon. 2014. pp. 1--8.Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2014
[SPG-B01]J. G. Kassakian, R. Schmalensee, G. Desgroseilliers, T. D. Heidel, K. Afridi, A. M. Farid, J. M. Grochow, W. W. Hogan, H. D. Jacoby, J. L. Kirtley, H. G. P. Michaels, I. Arriaga, D. J. Perreault, N. L. Rose, G. L. Wilson, N. Abudaldah, M. Chen, P. E. Donohoo, S. J. Gunter, P. J. Kwok, V. A. Sakhrani, J. Wang, A. Whitaker, X. L. Yap, R. Y. Zhang, and M. I. Technology "The Future of the Electric Grid: An Interdisciplinary MIT Study". Cambridge MA: MIT Press. 2011. pp.1--280BookSmart Power Grids2011
[SPG-C11]S. Rivera, A. M. Y. Farid, and K. Toumi "A Multi-Agent System Transient Stability Platform for Resilient Self-Healing Operation of Multiple Microgrids". in 5th Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference. Washington D.C.. 2014. pp. 1--5.Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2014
[SPG-C14]S. Rivera, A. M. Y. Farid, and K. Toumi "Coordination and Control of Multiple Microgrids Using Multi-Agent Systems". in Energypath 2013: Our Global Sustainable Energy Future. Philadelphia PA USA. 2013. pp. 1--5.Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2013
[SPG-C07]R. Francy, A. M. Y. Farid, and K. Toumi "A Weather Aided State Estimator for Power Systems with Integrated Variable Energy Resources". in IEEE ISGT Europe 2013: 4th European Innovative Smart Grid Technologies. Copenhagen Denmark. 2013. pp. 1--5.Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2013
[SPG-C16]A. M. Farid "Multi-Agent System Design Principles for Resilient Operation of Future Power Systems". in International Workshop on Intelligent Energy Systems. San Diego CA. 2014. pp. 1--7.Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2014
[SPG-T02]H. M. Abdelhalim "Stability Effects of Frequency Controllers and Transmission Line Configurations on Power Systems with Integration of Wind Power (MIT-Coadvised)". MIT Master's Thesis. pp. 53.ThesisSmart Power Grids2012
[SPG-E01]A. M. Farid "Holistic Assessment for Enterprise Control of the Future Electricity Grid". IEEE Smart Grid Newsletter. September:() pp. 1--3. 2013.Op-EdSmart Power Grids2013
[SPG-C03]H. M. Abdelhalim, A. M. Farid, A. A. Y. Adegbege, and K. Toumi "Transient Stability of Power Systems with Different Configurations for Wind Power Integration". in IEEE Power and Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference. Washington D.C. USA. 2013. pp. 1--6.Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2013
[SPG-T04]R. C. Francy "Enhanced Power System State Estimation Techniques for the Incorporation of Variable Energy Resources". Masdar Institute of Science and Technology Abu Dhabi UAE Master's Thesis. pp. 1--65.ThesisSmart Power Grids2013
[SPG-T01]M. F. Aftab "Towards Automated Demands Side Management for Large Scale Supermarkets- M.Sc. Thesis". Masdar Institute of Science \& Technology Master's Thesis. pp. .ThesisSmart Power Grids2012
[SPG-T03]A. Muzhikyan "A Holistic Assessment Method of Power System Imbalances in the Presence of Variable Energy Resources". Masdar Institute of Science and Technology Abu Dhabi UAE Master's Thesis. pp. 1--86.ThesisSmart Power Grids2013
[SPG-B02]A. M. Annaswamy, M. Amin, C. L. Demarco, T. Samad, J. Aho, G. Arnold, A. Buckspan, A. Cadena, D. Callaway, E. Camacho, M. Caramanis, A. Chakrabortty, A. Chakraborty, J. Chow, M. D. Dahleh, A. D. Garcia, D. Dotta, A. M. Farid, P. Flikkema, D. Gayme, S. Genc, M. G. Fisa, I. Hiskens, P. Houpt, G. Hug, P. Khargonekar, H. Khurana, A. Kiani, S. M. Low, J. M. Donald, E. Nava, A. L. Motto, L. Pao, A. Parisio, A. Pinder, M. Polis, M. Roozbehani, Z. Qu, N. Quijano, and J. Stoustrup "IEEE Vision for Smart Grid Controls: 2030 and Beyond". New York NY: IEEE Standards Association. 2013. pp.1--168BookSmart Power Grids2013
[SPG-C04]R. Francy, A. M. Y. Farid, and K. Toumi "An Event Triggered Tracking State Estimator for Power Systems with Integrated Wind Generation". in 2013 IEEE Power and Energy Society Powertech Grenoble. Grenoble France. 2013. pp. 1--6.Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2013
[SPG-T05]F. Liu "Coordinated Control of Stability for Microgrids with Building Cooling Systems and Ramping Rate Limitations (MIT Co-Advised) (in progress)". MIT Master's Thesis. pp. 1.ThesisSmart Power Grids2014
[SPG-T05]A. Muzhikyan "Quantitative Determination of Power System Operating Reserves (in progress)". Masdar Institute of Science \& Technology Ph.D. Thesis. pp. 1.ThesisSmart Power Grids2014
[SPG-C01]R. Francy, A. M. Farid, A. Y. Adegbege, and K. Toumi "Event-Triggered State Estimation for Variable Energy Resources Management". in The 9th IET International Conference on Advances in Power System Control Operation and Management. Hong Kong China. 2012. pp. 1--6.Conference PaperSmart Power Grids2012
[SPG-B03]S. Rivera, A. M. Y. Farid, and K. Toumi "A Multi-Agent System Coordination Approach for Resilient Self-Healing Operation of Multiple Microgrids". Berlin Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg. 2014. pp.1--20BookSmart Power Grids2014
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