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Dr. Amro M. Farid Contributes to Published 2015 UAE State of the Green Economy Report

We, at the the LIINES, are happy to announce that the 2015 UAE State of the Green Economy Report has not only been published but has also gone viral!  #stateofgreeneconomy.

The Dubai Carbon Center of Excellence coordinated the publication of the UN-backed document which describes opportunities and challenges for the green economy in the global market; focusing on the leadership of the United Arab Emirates.

The work features the commitments and support of his highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President and Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates and Ruler of Dubai, his highness Sheikh Ahmed bin Saeed Al Maktoum, Chairman of the Dubai Supreme Council of Energy, his excellency Ban Ki-Moon Secretary-General of the United Nations, His Excellency Mohammed Al Gergawi, Minister of Cabinet Affairs in the Federal Government, his excellency Dr. Rashid bin Fahad, Minister of Environment and Water, his excellency Saeed Mohammed Al Tayer, Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of the Dubai Water & Electricity Authority, and her excellency Helen Clark Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme.

Also in the report, Dr. Amro M. Farid has authored “Electric Vehicles:  Energising the Adoption of Electrified Transportation in a Smart City”.  It summarizes many of the conclusions from our transportation electrification research.  The include five key considerations to energy the adoption of electrified transportation in the Dubai Smart City:

  1. Getting the electric transportation use case right
  2. Getting the charging infrastructure right
  3. Strengthening the existing power infrastructure
  4. Coordinating the planning of transportation and energy infrastructure
  5. Coordinating the operation of transportation and power infrastructure

In depth materis on LIINES research on transportation electrification can be found on the LIINES publication page:  http://amfarid.scripts.mit.edu

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LIINES Website: http://amfarid.scripts.mit.edu

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Turkish Electric Car w/ 500km Driving Range Hits Roads

At the LIINES, we have been conducting research on Transportation Electrification for quite some time.

At heart of the research is the electric vehicle, and its challenge is that it is both a transportation artifact that exists on our everyday roads as well as an electrical artifact that must connect to the power grid.   In the first full-scale case study of its kind, we have shown in Abu Dhabi that managing this dual nature means ensuring vehicle availability through charging while not imposing overly heavy demands on the grid.

One main challenge of electric vehicles is their driving range.  Many commercially available EVs only have a range of 150km — thus requiring charging once or twice a day.   With charging times of several hours, this means that a typical driver has to think very carefully how and when this EV will be practically used.

In contrast, a recent Turkish Electric Car developed at Istanbul University has demonstrated a 500km driving range in a tour from Istanbul to Ankara.  The “T-1” as the vehicle is called weighs a mere 500 kilograms and has a top speed of 120 kilometers per hour.  And while the vehicle looks sporty sleek, it has not neglected practicality with four seats and enough room for luggage.

With the T-1, the development team builds upon earlier successes including their 8th place finish in the 2009 global electric car competition held in Australia.

 

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LIINES Website: http://amfarid.scripts.mit.edu

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Abu Dhabi Department of Transportation, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries & Masdar Institute Joint Workshop

Following on the heals of their back-to-back conferences, Reem Al Junaibi and Prof. Amro M. Farid presented the results of their Abu Dhabi Electric Vehicle Technical Feasibility study in a joint workshop including participants from the Abu Dhabi Department of Transportation and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.  They were joined by Mohammad Al-Hadrami and Prof. Sgouris Sgouridis who also investigated the socio-economic barriers to electric vehicle adoption.  The workshop was held on the Masdar Institute campus on December 17th 2013 and marked the official end to what has been a tremendously successful project demonstrating collaboration between public, private, and academic entities.

After the day-long workshop, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries hosted Masdar Institute and the Abu Dhabi Department of Transportation in a two-day workshop in Malaga, Spain on December 19-20 2013.  Malaga, Spain proudly marks itself as one of Europe’s leading smart cities. The Zem2All project, with the largest deployment of Electric Vehicles, is a testament to this achievement.

Prof. Farid continues to advocate Intelligent Transportation-Energy Systems.  In other words, the intelligent system consisting of monitoring, decision-making and dispatching functionality should have a transportation as well as energy management function.  Efforts are currently underway at the LIINES to develop models and control solutions which may be directly integrated into Intelligent Transportation-Energy Systems.  A full reference list of energy-transportation nexus research at the LIINES can be found on the LIINES publication page: http://amfarid.scripts.mit.edu

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Reem Al Junaibi & Prof. Amro M. Farid present results of Abu Dhabi Electric Vehicle Technical Feasibility Study

In back-to-back conferences, Reem Al Junaibi and Prof. Amro M. Farid presented the results of their Abu Dhabi Electric Vehicle Technical Feasibility study.  Ms. Al Junaibi attended the 2nd IEEE International Conference on Connected Vehicles & Expo held December 2-6, 2013 in Las Vegas, NV, USA.  There, she presented the first published results of the study in the paper entitled:  “Technical Feasibility Assessment of Electric Vehicles : An Abu Dhabi Example”.  Meanwhile, Prof. Farid was invited to speak at the Gulf Traffic Conference held December 9-10 2013 in Dubai, UAE.

Both presentations revolved around the same theme.  The true success and feasibility of electric vehicles depends not just on the vehicle itself but also how it interacts with three large scale infrastructure systems:  the road transportation system, the power grid, and the intelligent transportation system.

Ms. Al Junaibi specifically presented some of the results of the study.  It considered twelve potential scenarios in which EV taxis were rolled out at a penetration of 3, 5 and 10% of road traffic with four possible charging system designs.  The results showed that if EV Taxi are to be deployed then their dispatching, queue management, charging and vehicle-2-grid stabilization activities must be simultaneously considered.  The ramifications of not doing so would be either degraded vehicle availability or high variable loads on the electric power grid or both.

Prof. Farid consequently argued that given the rapid push to transportation electrification and connected vehicles, intelligent transportation systems would better be considered as Intelligent Transportation-Energy Systems.  In other words, the intelligent system consisting of monitoring, decision-making and dispatching functionality should have a transportation as well as energy management function.

Efforts are currently underway at the LIINES are currently underway to develop models and control solutions which may be directly integrated into Intelligent Transportation-Energy Systems.  A full reference list of energy-transportation nexus research at LIINES can be found on the LIINES publication page: http://amfarid.scripts.mit.edu

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LIINES Website: http://amfarid.scripts.mit.edu

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Journal Paper Accepted at the IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems: An Axiomatic Design Approach to Passenger Itinerary Enumeration in Reconfigurable Transportation Systems

The LIINES is happy to announce that The IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems has accepted our recent paper entitled:  An Axiomatic Design Approach to Passenger Itinerary Enumeration in Reconfigurable Transportation Systems for publication. The paper is authored by Dr. Asha Viswanath, Edgar Eugenio Samano Baca and Prof. Amro M. Farid.

The topic of path enumeration in a transportation network has a long history.  As one can easily imagine, we have been asking: “How many different ways can I get from here to there?”  for a very long time.  The question is fundamental to many operations research problems and has new applications in the resilience of infrastructure systems.  So why a new approach to such an old problem?

Well, as the paper explains, the traditional graph theoretic based method lacks in four ways:

  1. it does not explicitly describe the different potentially redundant modes of transport.
  2. it does not explicitly address the implicit functions of parking, loading/unloading, or sitting at an intersection.  Naturally, if these “null-processes” were somehow unavailable you might be stuck along your path for a very long time.
  3. given its highly abstracted nature, traditional graph theoretic methods do not integrate well with existing engineering design methodologies.
  4. it does not explicitly describe changes or reconfigurations to the transportation network structure in real-time and hence has limited application to the design of real-time reconfigurable transportation systems.

Instead, this paper presents a passenger itinerary enumeration approach based upon Prof. Nam Suh’s axiomatic design theory for large flexible systems.  Here, the system form and function are both explicitly described to overcome all of the weaknesses mentioned above.  The work has immediate relevance to transportation systems that require real-time switching decisions in their network structure.  Furthermore, many transportation system life cycle properties functionally depend on path enumeration.

Further applications of this work can already be found on the LIINES publication page: http://amfarid.scripts.mit.edu

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LIINES Website: http://amfarid.scripts.mit.edu

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Research Theme Highlight Part IV: Electrified Transportation Systems

The Laboratory for Intelligent Integrated Networks of Engineering Systems maintains a research program composed of four complementary themes.  In the fourth of a four part series on the LIINES website,  the laboratory’s Energy-Transportation Nexus Theme is highlighted.  This work has produced in Abu Dhabi the first full-scale technical feasibility study for electric vehicles and has gone on to produce a hybrid dynamic system model of an Energy-Transportation Nexus as a single integrated system.

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LIINES Website: http://amfarid.scripts.mit.edu

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Research Theme Highlight Part III: Transportation Electrification Systems

The Laboratory for Intelligent Integrated Networks of Engineering Systems maintains a research program composed of four complementary themes.  In the fourth of a four part series on the LIINES website,  the laboratory’s Transportation Electrification Systems is highlighted.  This work has produced in Abu Dhabi the first full-scale technical feasibility study for electric vehicles and has gone on to produce a hybrid dynamic system model of a Transportation Electricity Nexus as a single integrated system.

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LIINES Website: http://amfarid.scripts.mit.edu

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